By National Research Council
Routinely, the common sciences were divided into branches: the organic sciences and the actual sciences. this day, progressively more scientists are addressing difficulties mendacity on the intersection of the 2. those difficulties are quite often organic in nature, yet reading them during the lens of the actual sciences can yield intriguing effects and possibilities. for instance, one region generating powerful cross-discipline learn possibilities facilities at the dynamics of platforms. Equilibrium, multistability, and stochastic behavior--concepts widespread to physicists and chemists--are now getting used to take on concerns linked to dwelling structures resembling variation, suggestions, and emergent habit. examine on the Intersection of the actual and existence Sciences discusses how probably the most very important clinical and societal demanding situations could be addressed, at the least partially, by means of collaborative examine that lies on the intersection of conventional disciplines, together with biology, chemistry, and physics. This publication describes how many of the mysteries of the organic international are being addressed utilizing instruments and methods constructed within the actual sciences, and identifies 5 parts of probably transformative examine. paintings in those components might have major effect in either study and society at huge by way of increasing our figuring out of the actual global and by means of revealing new possibilities for advancing public well-being, know-how, and stewardship of our surroundings. This e-book recommends numerous how you can speed up such cross-discipline learn. a lot of those techniques are directed towards these administering the colleges and assets of our nice study institutions--and the stewards of our examine funders, making this ebook an outstanding source for tutorial and learn associations, scientists, universities, and federal and personal investment agencies.--Publisher's description.
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Additional resources for Research at the Intersection of the Physical and Life Sciences
Such efforts offer hope to diabetics whose disease has caused the destruction of that organ (Halford, 2008). Intersectional research also has shed light on the interaction between mind and machine. As an example, the implantation of a small electrical interface into a monkey’s brain allows the monkey to control a prosthetic arm by its thoughts. A computer analyzes the response of the monkey’s brain to a stimulus and transmits an electrical impulse to the prosthesis. With practice, a monkey learns what kind of response is needed to operate the arm (Cary, 2008).
2008. Sowing the seeds for high-energy plants, Science 320: 478. National Research Council, 2009. A New Biology for the 21st Century. : The National Academies Press. National Research Council, 2008. Inspired by Biology: From Molecules to Materials to Machines. : National Academies Press. , and M. Dehan, 2008. Zooming into live cells, Science 320: 187-188. , 2008. Sniffing out cancer, Chemical Engineering News 22: 81-83. UCSF, 2008. edu/science-cafe/conversations/voigt/ Accessed August 21, 2008.
Effectively, plants use catalysts derived from common metals to harvest sunlight, to split water into oxygen and hydrogen, and to generate plant material from carbon dioxide. And while the photochemical yield in photosynthesis is high, the steps that actually fix CO2 and lead to the production of plant material—the biomass that will become fuel—are much less efficient. One research goal is to isolate the active species responsible for the various reactions of photosynthesis, conveniently split water, separate the resulting oxygen and hydrogen or other reduced species, then use those reduced species as a fuel in themselves or as the raw material in a fuel-making process.
Research at the Intersection of the Physical and Life Sciences by National Research Council