By Bhawan Ruangsilp
This research makes a speciality of the perceptions of the retailers of the Dutch East India corporation (VOC) of the Thai royal court docket in the course of their prolonged place of abode in Ayutthaya. Basing herself on a wealth of Dutch basic resources, the writer indicates how alternate, politics and international relations formed a special dating in response to 'partnership' and a 'sense of differences'. The booklet contributes to increasing the research of Ayutthaya's history-known for its shortage of indigenous assets- with the aid of modern Dutch perspectives.
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Additional info for Dutch East India Company Merchants at the Court of Ayutthaya: Dutch Perceptions of the Thai Kingdom, c. 1604-1765
Siam now assumed importance as an essential source of goods in demand in Japan, notably deerskins, cow and buffalo hides, and sappanwood. 14 The VOC predominantly supplied the Siamese court with exotic and luxury items, especially Indian textiles. 15 All this considered, it can be said that Siam was more important as an export than an import market for the Dutch. 16 Besides the positive effect of their military assistance to King Prasatthong in 1634, the position of the Dutch in the eyes of the Siamese court had been further enhanced since the promulgation of the kaikin (maritime prohibition) edicts by the Shogunate in 1636, which restricted the movements of the Japanese overseas traders based in and outside Japan.
After the Qing Government had finally 24 CHAPTER ONE overcome all opposition, including that of the followers of Zheng Chenggong in 1683, it lifted the hai-jin (maritime prohibition) in 1684, thereby liberalizing the overseas junk trade of Guangdong and Fujian to South-East Asia. 38 The Siamese court apparently preferred trading with the Chinese who paid a higher price than the Dutch and, unlike the VOC, were not exempted from import and export duties. 39 After 1688, the Dutch no longer regarded the French as significant rivals; indeed, the latter never succeeded in fully reinserting themselves in the trade with Siam.
In 1634, Batavia finally decided to grant Prasatthong’s wishes and send some armed ships to assist Siamese troops before Patani. It certainly hoped to enhance the prospect of profit from Siamese goods in its re-surgent Japan trade, but also to stop the war which was disrupting Company business in the affected region, besides containing the Portuguese influence there. Although the VOC’s assistance did not really contribute to the eventual resubmission of Patani to Ayutthaya, King Prasatthong amply rewarded the Dutch for their willingness to help with such concessions as an exclusive right to export animal hides.
Dutch East India Company Merchants at the Court of Ayutthaya: Dutch Perceptions of the Thai Kingdom, c. 1604-1765 by Bhawan Ruangsilp