By Erica Richard
In 1901 such a lot Australians have been unswerving, white matters of the British Empire with direct connections to Britain. inside 100 years, following an exceptional immigration software, its inhabitants used to be essentially the most diversified in the world. No different kingdom has accomplished such radical social and demographic swap in so brief a time. Destination Australia tells the tale of this impressive transformation.
Against the percentages, this modification has prompted minimum social disruption and rigidity. whereas immigration has generated a few political and social anxieties, Australia has maintained a good democracy and a coherent social textile. one of many striking achievements of this e-book is in explaining why this would be so.
Eric Richards recounts the stories of many person migrants from world wide, examines the dramas and demanding situations of officers curious about this grand test and finally ends up telling a very awesome tale. Compelling and revealing, Destination Australia is largely the Australian tale of the 20 th century.
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Additional info for Destination Australia: Migration to Australia since 1901
33 There was opposition in England from factory employers: one recruiter, Margaret Cuthbertson, was called the Lady Poacher in the local press. 34 An agent for Western Australia was sent to India in 1911 to secure retiring army men (white only); South Australia began its campaign when there were good harvests in 1910–11. Some of the Australian agencies in Britain developed links with local associations such as the Kent Colonisation Society and the Central Emigration Board, and the Central (Unemployed ) Body for London eventually provided assistance to 7500 emigrants.
It was a supremely effective policy and remained in use until 1958; it kept out non-Europeans but it was also employed to exclude specified Europeans at the discretion of the immigration authorities. For six decades this simple mechanism gave Australia extraordinary control over the composition of its immigration. The price it paid was in its much reduced ability to recruit immigrants and also in its international reputation. Excluding unwanted aliens was only one side of the equation for White Australia.
10 TA Coghlan, the Commonwealth Statistician, declared that failing fertility was an ‘extremely serious matter’ for public policy. It was a demographic disaster, the consequence of women ‘Gratifying their selfish desires’. It gave no hope of ‘a teeming population springing from Australian parents’. Most of all it made clear that White Australia could not be maintained with such poor birth rates. 11 Coghlan noted how the outbreak of bubonic plague in Sydney and elsewhere in late 1899 ‘militated against immigration and doubtless assisted to augment the total of emigrants’.
Destination Australia: Migration to Australia since 1901 by Erica Richard