By Bettina Migge
The learn at the formation of (radical) creoles has obvious an unparalleled intensification and diversification within the final twenty years. This ebook discusses, illustrates, and evaluates present study on creole formation in response to an in-depth research of the tactics and mechanisms that contributed to the emergence of the morphosyntactic method of the creoles of Suriname. The examine attracts on a wealthy corpus of a) typical conversational and elicited synchronic linguistic facts from the jap Maroon Creole (EMC) and its major African substrate language, Gbe, b) released diachronic info from the EMC's sister-language Sranan Tongo, and c) details at the early background of Suriname coming from socio-historical investigations. It means that mechanisms of planned and contact-induced swap additionally interested in borrowing and especially shift events resulted in the preliminary formation of the creoles of Suriname whereas language-internal swap performed a job of their next improvement.
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Additional info for Creole Formation as Language Contact: The Case of the Suriname Creoles (Creole Language Library)
It seems reasonable to assume that the early population (cf. Contact setting I) brought to Suriname various regional L1 varieties of English (the European settlers) and a continuum of L2 and pidgin varieties of English and/or Englishbased creoles that were in use in the other British colonies (slaves and settlers). As in all contact settings with a relatively great intensity of contact, the members of the early homesteads would have accommodated to each other’s linguistic practices in order to facilitate interethnic communication.
Also Andersen 1983, 1984, 1990; van Coetsem 1988, 2000). Contact languages and language death The term contact languages refers to outcomes of language contact that show a genetic aﬃliation to more than one language. They arise due to “typologically disruptive” linguistic change. Thomason (2001) distinguishes between three broad types: pidgins, creoles and bilingual mixed languages. Creoles and pidgins are argued to result from language acquisition with restricted input in multilingual contact settings.
Ibid 132). Switching may occur at the sentence boundary, so-called inter-sentential switching, and within a single sentence or constituent, so-called intra-sentential switching. Both types of code-switching typically co-occur in most bilingual communities (cf. Myers-Scotten 1993; Zentella 1997). Deliberate decision refers to the conscious decision of speakers of a language to change their language or communicative practices by deliberately inventing or adopting words and discourse practices from another language in order to index speciﬁc social meanings and identities.
Creole Formation as Language Contact: The Case of the Suriname Creoles (Creole Language Library) by Bettina Migge