By Keith Brown, Sarah Ogilvie
During this quantity, the world’s best specialists describe some of the languages of the area. it's envisioned that there
are greater than 250 tested language households on this planet, and over 6800 particular languages, a lot of which
are threatened or endangered. This quantity presents the main entire survey to be had on a large
proportion of those. It includes 377 articles on particular languages or language households drawn from the two
editions of the Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (ELL). The articles describe the sounds, meaning,
structure, and kin relationships of the languages, and feature been selected to demonstrate the variety and variety of
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Additional info for Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World
There are also consistent orthographic differences, with Dutch ij and sch being rendered in Afrikaans as y and sk, respectively. Morphologically, Afrikaans is characterized by extreme deflection: it lacks both Dutch’s gender system Afrikaans 9 Figure 1 Map of South Africa showing the nine provinces created in 1994 and the areas in which the three main regional varieties of Afrikaans are spoken. Key: dark grey, Cape Afrikaans; light grey, Orange River Afrikaans; mid grey, Eastern Frontier Afrikaans.
Language in Ethiopia. London: Oxford University Press. 63–76. Gilman C (1986). ’ Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 1(1), 33–50. Greenberg J H (1959). ) Continuity and change in African Cultures. Chicago: University of Chicago. 15–27. Greenberg J H (1963). The languages of Africa. The Hague: Mouton. Greenberg J H (1983). ) Current approaches to African linguistics, vol. 1. Dordrecht: Foris Publications. 3–21. Gregersen E A (1977). Language in Africa: an introductory survey. New York, Paris, London: Gordon and Breach.
Currently, it boasts the third largest speaker population, with only Zulu and Xhosa being more widely spoken (1996 Census). Afrikaans History The precise circumstances surrounding the development of Afrikaans as a language in its own right have been energetically disputed. What is uncontroversial is that the Dutch East India Company’s establishment of a refreshment station in 1652 led to the introduction of various varieties of 17th-century Dutch at the Cape. During the next 150 years, these Dutch speakers 8 Afrikaans came into contact with indigenous Khoekhoe, with slaves imported from Asia (India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka), East Africa, and Madagascar, and also, more sporadically, with French- and German-speaking Europeans.
Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World by Keith Brown, Sarah Ogilvie