Category: History Philosophy
By De Lacy O'Leary
The heritage of technology is considered one of wisdom being handed from neighborhood to neighborhood over millions of years, and this can be the vintage account of the main influential of those hobbies -- how Hellenistic technological know-how handed to the Arabs the place it took on a brand new existence and ended in the advance of Arab astronomy and drugs, which flourished within the courts of the Muslim global and later handed directly to medieval Europe. beginning with the increase of Hellenism in Asia within the wake of the campaigns of Alexander the nice, O'Leary bargains with the Greek legacy of technological know-how, philosophy, arithmetic, and drugs and follows it because it travels around the close to East propelled by means of faith, alternate, and conquest. Dealing intensive with Christianity as a Hellenizing strength, the impact of the Nestorians and the Monophysites, Indian affects by way of land and sea, and the increase of Buddhism, O'Leary then makes a speciality of the advance of technological know-how throughout the Baghdad Khalifate, the interpretation of Greek medical fabric into Arabic, and the influence it had at the background of medication, technology, and old geography, in addition to the heritage of the Arab global.
By Daniel J. Kevles
This amazing account of the arriving of age of physics in the USA has been heralded because the top creation to the heritage of technological know-how within the usa. Unsurpassed in its breadth and literary type, Kevles's account portrays the intense scientists who grew to become a strong strength in bringing the area right into a innovative new era.
The e-book levels generally because it hyperlinks those intriguing advancements to the social, cultural, and political alterations that happened from the post-Civil conflict years to the current. all through, Kevles retains his eye at the valuable query of the way an avowedly elitist company grew and prospered in a democratic culture.
In this new version, the writer has introduced the tale brand new by way of offering an in depth, authoritative, and colourful account of the Superconducting tremendous Collider, from its origins within the foreign pageant and highbrow wishes of high-energy particle physics, via its institution as a multibillion-dollar venture, to its termination, in 1993, due to indignant competition in the American physics neighborhood and the Congress.
By Oleg A. Godin, David R. Palmer
This publication describes, utilizing first-person debts, the heritage of the advance within the Soviet Union and, later, in Russia of a really very important technical box and the way that background was once motivated through WWI, WWII, and the chilly struggle, through govt paperwork, in either confident and unfavorable methods, by means of the industrial cave in of the Soviet Union, and most significantly, by way of the committed efforts of titanic numbers of people, together with a number of the maximum clinical minds of the twentieth century. it'll make interesting analyzing for engineers and scientists who have been engaged in comparable paintings within the West, for historians of the chilly battle and of the Soviet Union, and for state-of-the-art researchers who have to find out about Russian clinical contributions. due to its value to nationwide defense, a lot of the examine and improvement attempt in underwater acoustics was once categorized in the course of the chilly warfare, either within the Soviet Union and the us. This ebook provides the 1st declassified debts of the improvement of various hydroacoustic structures via participants having first-hand wisdom of the advance efforts. Contents: advent: Underwater Acoustics and the sea; Hydroacoustics in Russia from the nineteenth Century to the current Time; The Physics of Underwater Sound; Laying the medical and sensible origin for domestic Hydroacoustics; Submarines Hydroacoustic gear; Sonar structures for floor Ships; desk bound Sonar platforms; really good Hydroacoustic platforms; Sonar Arrays; The position of the Radio Engineering division and the Naval RI within the production of Hydroacoustic apparatus; association of Hydroacoustic gear improvement; education of Hydroacoustics Engineering and learn body of workers; Veterans consider.
By Georgina M. Montgomery
A spouse to the background of yank Science deals a set of essays that supply an authoritative assessment of the latest scholarship at the historical past of yankee science.
- Covers issues together with astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, immense technological know-how, army expertise, and more
- Features contributions through the main finished students within the box of technology history
- Covers pivotal occasions in U.S. background that formed the advance of technology and technology coverage reminiscent of WWII, the chilly warfare, and the Women’s Rights movement
By Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
During this attention-grabbing e-book, Nobel Prize winner Pierre-Gilles de Gennes wittily captures the lives of personalities from either the educational and the commercial international in pleasant bite-size tales. lots of the characters during this assortment are like these in Aesop's fables, yet in modern day learn settings. The e-book offers a serious account of aberrations (fortunately infrequent) of the medical neighborhood. Many classes should be drawn from the tales. For the younger researcher, this publication is sort of a telescope: for seeing different people past his or her laboratory. For the administrator, this ebook is sort of a microscope: for seeing contained in the humans large and complicated constructions. despite the fact that, like Aesop's fables, you wouldn't provide the publication as a present to an individual except an in depth and clever pal.
Petit aspect isn't a ebook to be gobbled in one sitting. it's one to be savored and mirrored upon — it exhibits what the realm can be like and what we ourselves may well turn into. it really is like a replicate — to be visited at times.
Download e-book for kindle: The poverty of the Linnaean hierarchy: a philosophical study by Marc Ereshefsky
By Marc Ereshefsky
The query of even if biologists may still proceed to exploit the Linnaean hierarchy has been a hotly debated factor. Invented earlier than the creation of evolutionary thought, Linnaeus's approach of classifying organisms is predicated on superseded theoretical assumptions, and is assumed to be not able to supply actual organic classifications. Marc Ereshefsky argues that biologists may still abandon the Linnaean approach and undertake an alternate that's extra according to evolutionary idea. He lines the evolution of the Linnaean hierarchy from its advent to the current. He illustrates how the continuing use of the program hampers our skill to categorise the natural global, after which is going directly to make particular options for a post-Linnaean approach to category. available to quite a lot of readers by means of offering introductory chapters to the philosophy of type and the taxonomy of biology, the publication will curiosity either students and scholars of biology and the philosophy of technological know-how.
Download PDF by Eva-Maria Engelen, Christian Fleischhack, C. Giovanni: Heureka - Evidenzkriterien in den Wissenschaften: Ein
By Eva-Maria Engelen, Christian Fleischhack, C. Giovanni Galizia, Katharina Landfester
"Heureka” (ich habe es gefunden) soll Archimedes gerufen haben, als er in der Badewanne lag und sah, wie sein Körper das Wasser verdrängte. Unvermittelt struggle ihm der Zusammenhang klar, er hatte das Auftriebsgesetz verstanden, was once ihm dazu verhalf, den Goldgehalt der Krone des Tyrannen zu bestimmen. Er entstieg der Wanne, rannte nackt durch die Straßen von Syrakus und rief weiterhin „ich habe es gefunden!“ Wie werden in einzelnen Disziplinen Heureka-Effekte hervorgerufen? Wann leuchtet Wissenschaftlern in einem Fach ein Argument, ein Gedanke ein, wie werden sie davon überzeugt? was once sind die disziplinären criteria und wie sieht die Praxis im akademischen Alltag dazu aus? 15 Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aus den Natur-, Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften geben hierauf ihre Antworten in einer verständlichen und intestine zugänglichen Weise.
By Klaus Mainzer
Cosmic evolution leads from symmetry to complexity by means of symmetry breaking and part transitions. The emergence of latest order and constitution in nature and society is defined by way of actual, chemical, organic, social and monetary self-organization, based on the legislation of nonlinear dynamics. most of these dynamical platforms are thought of computational platforms processing details and entropy. Are symmetry and complexity merely worthy versions of technology or are they universals of fact? Symmetry and Complexity discusses the attention-grabbing insights received from usual, social and laptop sciences, philosophy and the humanities. With many diagrams and photographs, this booklet illustrates the spirit and sweetness of nonlinear technological know-how. within the advanced international of globalization, it strongly argues for solidarity in variety.