By Einar Mattson
This undemanding survey of the corrosion of metals doesn't require a deep wisdom of chemistry, yet acts as a useful compendium of available info at the forms of corrosion, electrochemical suggestions, environments and strategies of safety and prevention, in addition to suggestions for extra info.
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Extra resources for Basic corrosion technology for scientists and engineers
3). Fig. 8 Attack by intergranular corrosion at welds in a stainless steel pipe. EROSION CORROSION Erosion corrosion is a process which involves conjoint erosion and corrosion. It is a type of corrosion usually caused by a rapidly streaming liquid and the attack is thus dependent on the degree of turbulence. 4). In many cases the damage appears as a result of the protective coating of corrosion products being damaged in some way or not being able to form due to a high level of turbulence. Types of corrosion 47 Fig.
46). Damage via fatigue and corrosion fatigue can arise in many different situations. As an example one can mention the cracking in ships' propellers. The load on each propeller blade will vary with the blade's position in relation to the hull. So under running conditions a large number of changes in load occur simultaneously with corrosion by the sea water. In unfavourable conditions, therefore, corrosion fatigue can arise. g. pipes for hot tap water or district heating networks, which have been mounted so they have insufficient elasticity.
There exists therefore, a driving force for corrosion of the metal but the diagram provides no information about the rate of corrosion. The solid oxides (Cu20 or CuO) of the metal are stable. There exists therefore, a driving force for corrosion but the oxide formed can provide a protective coating, a process which is called passivation. However, the diagram does not indicate the effectiveness of the protection. The metal is the stable species. This means that corrosion is impossible. The metal is said to be immune or cathodically protected.
Basic corrosion technology for scientists and engineers by Einar Mattson