By Charles Sanford Terry
An excerpt from the Preface:
within the current quantity these of the Cantatas and Motetts are thought of.
the writer techniques the Chorals from the old instead of a classy viewpoint.
His item is to bare the starting place and authorship of the Hymns and Hymn melodies which, like jewels, beautify Bach's concerted Church track.
The melodies are revealed the following of their earliest shape and, the place attainable, Bach's adaptations of them are traced to an previous culture or attributed to himself In related demeanour, the textual content of his Hymn stanzas, as revealed by means of the Bachgesellschaft, has been collated with the originals in Philipp Wackernagel's Das deutsche Kirchenlied von der ältesten Zeit bis zu Anfang des XVII Jahrhunderts (Leipzig, five vols. 1864-77) or Albert Fischer and W. Tümpel's Das deutsche evangelische Kirchenlied des siebzehnten Jakrkunderts (Gütersloh, 1904-16). The few Hymns which aren't in these collections are marked with an asterisk within the following pages. the writer has now not had the chance to check their unique texts in different places.
For assistance from scholars and others the writer, at the first incidence of each Choral melody, states the place Bach makes use of it in different places in his concerted Church song and Organ works*. hence, Bach's therapy of a specific track should be studied exhaustively.
given that all yet the various Cantatas are released in simple terms with German texts, it has appeared really useful to supply an Appendix of translations of the Hymn stanzas, upwards of 2 hundred and fifty in quantity, which Bach makes use of within the Cantatas and Motetts. anywhere it really is on hand, the textual content of Novello & Co.'s and Messrs J. & W. Chester's variants has been used, with the permission of the 2 enterprises.
Six melodies that happen within the "Passions" and Oratorios are usually not present in the Cantatas or Motetts.
they're revealed in an Appendix. This quantity consequently includes all of the Choral tunes utilized by Bach in his concerted Church tune.
* The references all through are to Novello's variation of Bach's Organ Works, Books xv-xix.
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Extra info for Bach’s Chorals. Part 2 : the hymns and hymn melodies of the cantatas and motetts.
The Choral Cantata united the best features of both forms. Briefly its essentials are these: (I) The text of the Cantata is based upon that of a congregational Hymn, the Cantata in effect being an elaborate setting of its stanzas. (2) The middle movements are not necessarily set to actual words of the Hymn, all of whose stanzas are not invariably used. If the Hymn is too short, as for instance No. I4o, additional stanzas are inserted. But whether the stanzas be reconstructed or extended, the spirit of the original Hymn is preserved, and in the case of reconstructed stanzas the actual words of the original text are preserved so far as is convenient.
8, 9, 97, 99, I 12, 129, importance is the structure of the Cantata libretti. More than half are the unaltered text of a congregational Hymn: they are Nos. 4, 97, iI2, II7, I77, 192. The text of four Cantatas I29, I37, consists partly of actual and partly of paraphrased Hymn stanzas: they are Nos. 8, 9, zo, 99. " It m very rare for any of the instruments to recewe an independent part in the final SimpleChorals. Where it does occurit usuallyis for the purpose nf btangmg out the melodyplominentlyand so of emphaslsing the idea which the melody represented to the congregation.
See infra the section on the Cantata. "_The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day. Text by Salomo Franck. 4 The subject of the Cantatas for the Twenty-sixth and Twentyseventh Sundays after Trinity was suggested by their Advent context. No. 7o originally was for the Second Sunday in Advent. 5 Text by Picander. Genesis xxxii. _6. Also for a funeral. 22 INTRODUCTION I58 Der 161 Komm, FEAST OF Friede THE (E. Is. vii. i sei mit du shsse Wie dirL _. Todesstunde 3, 4. M,, St Luke i. 26-38).
Bach’s Chorals. Part 2 : the hymns and hymn melodies of the cantatas and motetts. by Charles Sanford Terry