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Download PDF by Morris Halle and Jean-Roger Vergnaud: An Essay on Stress

By Morris Halle and Jean-Roger Vergnaud

ISBN-10: 0262081687

ISBN-13: 9780262081689

ISBN-10: 0262581051

ISBN-13: 9780262581059

ISBN-10: 0585373876

ISBN-13: 9780585373874

An Essay on pressure provides a common concept for the characterization of the tension styles of phrases and words encountered within the languages of the global. the guts of the speculation is constituted through the formal mechanism for characterizing "action at a distance", that's a distinct case of the formalism wanted for the development of constituent structure.Morris Halle is Institute Professor at MIT. Jean-Roger Vergnaud is Professor of Linguistics on the college of Maryland and Senior Researcher on the Centre nationwide de l. a. Recherche Scientifique and the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche en Informatique Linguistique in France.

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None of these problems arises in the solution presented here, where the absence of initial stress in the two words under discussion is accounted for without recourse to a special rule. 2 The Effects of Syncope and Epenthesis on Stress Having described the main features of the formal framework we shall use for the treatment of stress patterns, our next step is to investigate some of its less obvious ramifications and to confront them with facts from actual languages. The first phenomenon to be examined is the effect of deletion on the stress patterns of words.

Previous page page_24 next page > < previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 This rule is supplemented (p. 132) with a special tree adjustment rule, which ensures that final syllables in words with an odd number of syllables are not stressed. Hayes accompanies rule (47) with the following comment: The labeling of the feet as w s is obviously preliminary, and is often revised later in the derivation. It isn't absolutely necessary for the feet to be labeled at this stage. ] However, under my schema for stress rules, an unmarked rule of tree construction MUST specify either right or left nodes as dominant.

To motivate this procedure, we stipulate that metrical constituent structure is subject to the Domino Condition. (65) Domino Condition The introduction of an additional position inside a bounded constituent destroys that constituent and all constituents to its right if the Constituent Construction rule applied from left to right, and all constituents to its left if the Constituent Construction rule applied from right to left. Constituent structure is reimposed on the affected substring by a subsequent reapplication of the Constituent Construction rule.

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An Essay on Stress by Morris Halle and Jean-Roger Vergnaud


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