By Karin Aijmer, Bengt Altenberg
Contrastive reviews have skilled a dramatic revival within the final a long time. by means of combining the methodological merits of machine corpus linguistics and the opportunity of contrasting texts in or extra languages, the constitution and use of languages will be explored with better accuracy, aspect and empirical power than sooner than. The procedure has additionally proved to have fruitful sensible functions in a couple of components equivalent to language educating, lexicography, translation experiences and computer-aided translation. This quantity comprises twelve experiences evaluating linguistic phenomena in English and 7 different languages. the subjects variety from comparisons of particular lexical different types and note mixtures to syntactic buildings and discourse phenomena resembling harmony and thematic constitution. The experiences spotlight similarities and changes within the use, semantics and capabilities of the in comparison goods, in addition to the emergence of latest meanings and language swap. The emphasis varies from basically linguistic reports to these concentrating on functional purposes.
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Extra info for Advances in Corpus-based Contrastive Linguistics: Studies in honour of Stig Johansson
As shown by Filipović (2007), Serbo-Croatian – with certain restrictions – can use a manner verb to express motion in the way English does in examples of the type He ran into the room, where the change of place is completed, but must use a directional verb in the way Spanish does The lexical profile of Swedish in examples where the moment-of-change is highlighted as in He was running into the room when I saw him. Among the Romance languages, Italian has been shown (Iacobini & Masini 2006) to have some verb-particle combinations of the Germanic type that alternate with synthetic directional verbs, for example entrare/ andare dentro ‘enter’/‘go in(to)’.
Figure 1 gives an overview of major types of subject-centered motion verbs in Swedish. An important characteristic of subjects that refer to human beings is their propensity for self-propelled motion. This feature is acquired early by infants (Spelke et al. 1995). Unlike a ball that starts moving because it is hit by something, human beings have an inner source of energy, which can make them move. Bodily locomotion verbs such as walk, run and swim more or less by definition describe self-propelled motion.
15) Swedish English Norwegian Danish Icelandic Dutch German French Finnish – Bra, sa hon när de for över gränsen. ‘Good,’ she said, as they crossed the border. – Bra, sa hun da de kjørte over grensen. – Godt, sagde hun, da de kørte over grænsen. – Gott, sagði hún þegar þau óku yfir landamærin. ‘Mooi zo,’ zei ze toen ze de grens over reden. “Gut”, meinte sie, als sie über die Grenze fuhren. – Bon, dit-elle quand ils eurent passé la frontière. – Hyvä, nainen sanoi kun he ajoivat rajan yli. (KE) English in this example uses a directional verb cross, which incorporates the meaning of the Swedish preposition över (‘over, across’).
Advances in Corpus-based Contrastive Linguistics: Studies in honour of Stig Johansson by Karin Aijmer, Bengt Altenberg