By Rainer Bauböck, Eva Ersbøll, Kees Groenendijk, Harald Waldrauch
Acquisition and lack of Nationality brings jointly a crew of thirty researchers for an in-depth research of nationality legislation in all fifteen pre-2004 member states of the ecu Union. quantity One provides targeted comparisons of the citizenship legislation of all fifteen international locations, whereas quantity comprises person reviews of every country's legislation. jointly, the books are the main accomplished to be had source at the query of ecu nationality.
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Additional info for Acquisition and Loss of Nationality, Volume 2: Policies and Trends in 15 European Countries: Country Analyses (Amsterdam University Press - IMISCOE Research)
2001: 80; Thienel 1990: 204f). However, authorities are obliged to justify the way they make use of their discretion. ) Facilitated naturalisation: Austrian nationality may be granted after four or six years of residence if the general conditions for naturalisation are fulfilled and if there is a reason deserving special consideration (besonders beru¨cksichtigungswu¨rdiger Grund) (§ 10 (4) and (5)). Since 1999, the law states that Austrian nationality may be granted after four years of residence if the applicant is an EEA-national or a recognised refugee (§ 10 (5) 4-5).
The rise of an anti-immigrant ¨ as well as by the discourse in the early 1990s triggered by the FPO ¨ SPO (Zuser 1996: 64-70), which was followed by a rigid legislation in the early 1990s that gravely impaired the legal resident status of even long-term immigrants and of their family members, transformed the option of naturalisation into an ‘escape route’ (Baubo¨ck & C ¸ inar 1999). In addition, in the province of Vienna, where acquisition of nationality has always been easier than in other Austrian provinces the naturalisation of immigrant families was encouraged and facilitated particularly between 1989 and 1994.
33 Since the introduction of sufficient knowledge of German as a condition for naturalisation, the Administrative Court repeatedly dealt with the required level of language proficiency. 34 The Court also decided that lack of German language skills by family members of the applicant or communication AUSTRIA 49 within the family in another language are not sufficient reasons to conclude that the applicant is not integrated (Feik 2003: 4). Another difference between the federal provinces concerns the fees for acquisition of Austrian nationality.
Acquisition and Loss of Nationality, Volume 2: Policies and Trends in 15 European Countries: Country Analyses (Amsterdam University Press - IMISCOE Research) by Rainer Bauböck, Eva Ersbøll, Kees Groenendijk, Harald Waldrauch