By John A. Hawkins
During this significant new ebook, John A. Hawkins provides a brand new concept of linear ordering in syntax. He argues that processing gives you an easy, sensible reason for syntactic principles of ordering, in addition to for the choice between ordering versions in languages and constructions within which edition is feasible. Insights from generative syntax, typological reviews of language universals, and psycholinguistic experiences of language processing are mixed to teach that there's a profound correspondence among functionality and grammar.
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Extra info for A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency
B. Did Np[this fact] surprise Mary? Correspondingly, extraposition rules may apply to an S in many languages, but not to NP (cf. Dryer 1980; Hawkins 1992a). The grammar transforms structures that are regularly difficult in these cases into their preferred counterparts (cf. chs. 4). An interesting dilemma arises when the processing difficulty in question involves terminal elements only and there is no appropriate dominating category in terms of which a grammatical rule or principle can be formulated.
Cows may indeed give bad milk, and the cow is more likely to have kicked the farmer than vice versa. g. 9) Der Bauer §[der die Kuh §[die schlechte Milch gab] "the farmer who the cow which bad milk gave schlachtete] ist krank. e. The farmer who killed the cow which gave bad milk is sick. If these sentences are all considered to be grammatical, the differences between them are unexplained. I conclude that they are not all grammatical. 9), have different statuses because the grammars of Japanese, Persian, English, and German are different.
The predictions that can be made across domains in this way are probably of a statistical nature only; those within domains, however, seem to be extremely precise. The present book focuses more on the latter. In addition to the strongly cross-linguistic flavor of the current work, which I believe enables us to solve some of the problems enumerated above, I will not hesitate to go beyond current psycholinguistic theorizing and propose hypotheses, derived from cross-linguistic data, for future experimental testing.
A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency by John A. Hawkins