By Jennifer Kolpacoff Deane
In this concise and balanced survey of heresy and inquisition within the heart a while, Jennifer Kolpacoff Deane explores the more and more sour encounters among piety, reform, dissent, and the institutional Church among 1100 and 1500. even if the loaded phrases of ''heresy'' and ''orthodoxy'' hired by means of ecclesiastical officers recommend a transparent department among correct and fallacious, that department used to be in truth vigorously contested by means of medieval humans in any respect degrees of society. Deane investigates key matters that sparked confrontations among Christians, together with entry to scripture, apostolic versions of poverty and preaching, the Eucharist and sacramental energy, and clerical corruption and wealth. She lines the ability during which Church elites constructed an more and more advanced set of inquisitorial approaches and assets to spot, label, and repress ''heresy,'' examines some of the nearby eruptions of such confrontations throughout medieval Europe, and considers the judicial techniques that introduced many to the stake. The booklet levels from the ''Good Christians'' of Languedoc and Lombardy and the pan-European ''Poor,'' to non secular Franciscans, lay spiritual girls, anticlerical and vernacular events in England and Bohemia, mysticism, magical practices, and witchcraft. all through, Deane considers how the hot inquisitorial bureaucracies not just fueled anxiousness over heresy, yet really generated fictional ''heresies'' via their very own texts and methods. Incorporating fresh learn and debates within the box, her research brings to lifestyles a compelling factor that profoundly encouraged the medieval world.
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Additional info for A History of Medieval Heresy and Inquisition
Moreover, certain Gnostic communities of early Christian thinkers, influenced by a variety of Persian, Jewish, Greek, and Egyptian sources, articulated a form of dualism in which souls were imprisoned in human bodies until released by gnosis (meaning “secret knowledge”). indb 30 11/9/10 2:10 PM Good Christians, Heresy, and the Apostolic Model 31 spirit and matter, the link between flesh and sin, and the omnipresent threat of the forces of evil. Several groups or movements that embraced a dualist doctrine, such as the Messalians and Paulicians, were eventually condemned by the Roman Church in the early medieval era.
Religion and Devotion in Europe, c. 1215–1515. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Ward, Jennifer. Women in Medieval Europe, 1200–1500. New York: Longman, 2003. indb 24 11/9/10 2:10 PM Chapter One Good Christians, Heresy, and the Apostolic Model In 1143, alarmed reports of heresy first sounded in the German Rhineland, when the anxious prior of a monastery near Cologne appealed to the renowned abbot and spiritual luminary Bernard of Clairvaux for guidance. In his letter to Bernard, Prior Eberwin described a group of local people whose unusual religious opinions had brought them to the attention of the greater community.
Brotherhoods of Good Men, or bon omes, as they were called in the local tongue, also existed throughout Languedoc, although males were more likely to travel between communities than to be settled in a single household. Such male brotherhoods often retained strong communal or familial ties to women within the faith as well. In the village of Les Cassès, for example, the brothers Pierre and Bernart Bofilh lived together as Good Men, raising Bernart’s two young sons. Both sons, Pierre and Bofilh, grew up and remained within those circles—one as a believer and one as a deacon.
A History of Medieval Heresy and Inquisition by Jennifer Kolpacoff Deane