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Ken Lodge's A critical introduction to phonetics PDF

By Ken Lodge

ISBN-10: 0826488730

ISBN-13: 9780826488732

ISBN-10: 0826488749

ISBN-13: 9780826488749

A serious creation to Phonetics provides center parts of the topic from fresh new views. It takes a brand new stance at the presentation of uncomplicated phonetic abilities for college kids of linguistics. utilizing examples drawn from a wide-range of languages Ken inn introduces the major points of phonetics, studying the variation among speech and writing, the body structure of speech construction, simple and precise articulation, and acoustic phonetics.
The ebook encompasses a useful advisor to transcriptions from sound recordings, and a piece on functions of phonetics to fields of research corresponding to language version and accessory. A severe creation to Phonetics offers accomplished insurance of all of the key parts of the topic, and includes bankruptcy summaries to assist the reader navigate the textual content. serious pondering is caused all through, and it will consequently be crucial analyzing for college students on introductory phonetics classes either at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

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We will return to this in Chapter Four. 2 Resonance One final aspect of vocoid articulation needs separate consideration, as it relates to the majority of contoid articulations as well. The positioning of the body of the tongue on the front-back dimension, which involves the bulk of the tongue being positioned under the palate or the velum produces a features that is sometimes referred to as resonance. Not only is it a major feature of vocoids, but in any articulation that allows parts of the tongue to move about while the obstruction to airflow is maintained, the position of the rest of the tongue makes an acoustic and auditory difference.

Now try to perceive the movement from closed to open. This can be achieved by saying the word hidden with no vowel in the final syllable: [hidn]. ) In this case the transition from [d] to [n] is achieved solely by the change in position of the velum from closed to open. 6 The tongue The tongue is a piece of flexible, non-compressible muscle, which is anchored to the floor of the mouth. Flexible means it is mobile and can change its shape, especially outside the mouth. For example, if you stick your tongue out, you can make it long and thin, roll it up at the sides or touch the end of your nose 23 24 A Critical Introduction to Phonetics with it - in varying degrees according to the individual.

However, it is possible to part the articulators relatively slowly causing a short phase of local audible friction (see next section) following the release of the stop. This is usually referred to as affrication or delayed release; it is indicated in transcription by a small raised symbol for the fricative made at the same place of articulation: [p^ ts dz kx]. Such articulations are found in Liverpool accents, and [ts] is common in many accents of British English, especially in the South East. We noted above that palatoalveolars are restricted in their manner of articulation.

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A critical introduction to phonetics by Ken Lodge

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