By Dai Roberts-Harry, Jonathan Sandy, British Dental Association
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Extra resources for A clinical guide to orthodontics
Am J Orthod Dento Orthop 1995; 108: 623-629. 20. Zachrisson B U. Cause and prevention of injuries to teeth and supporting structures during orthodontic treatment. Am J Orthod 1976; 69: 285-300. 21. Brezniak N, Wasserstein A. Root resorption after orthodontic treatment Part I Literature review. Am J Orthod 1993; 103: 62-66. 22. Hendrix I, Carels C, Kuijpers-Jagtman A M, Van 'T Hof M. A radiographic study of posterior apical root resorption in orthodontic patients. Am J Orthod Dento Orthop 1994; 105: 345-349.
18,19 It is of note to mention that in the extraction group they tended to have more prominent lips before commencing treatment because of an increased overjet, an important consideration when treatment planning these patients. There are many patients who have been treated on a non-extraction basis with a ‘dished in’ appearance and many other patients with fuller profiles who have had four teeth extracted as part of their orthodontic treatment. An important consideration before deciding on whether treatment is going to proceed on an extraction or nonextraction basis is the profile of the patient before treatment.
Allergy to latex27 and bonding materials has been reported although these are rare. Burns Burns, either thermal or chemical are possible both intra- and extra-orally with inadvertent use of chemicals or instruments. Acid etch, electrothermal debonding instruments and sterilised instruments which have not cooled down all have the potential to burn and care should be taken in their use. Tempromandibular dysfunction (TMD) Much attention in the literature has been focused on the relationship between TMD and orthodontic treatment.
A clinical guide to orthodontics by Dai Roberts-Harry, Jonathan Sandy, British Dental Association